Courses

ESS 120  Intro to Ecosystem and Watershed Sciences  Credit: 1 (1-0-0)

Course Description: Exploration of the fields of Ecosystem Science and Sustainability and Watershed Science, including career pathways.
Prerequisite: None.
Restriction: Must be a: Undergraduate.
Registration Information: This is a partial semester course. Required field trips.
Term Offered: Fall.
Grade Mode: Traditional.
Special Course Fee: Yes.

ESS 129  Information Management for Sustainability  Credit: 1 (1-0-0)

Course Description: Learn to access, retrieve, store, and manipulate information for natural resources and sustainability applications. Basic mapping, statistics, and graphing.
Prerequisite: None.
Registration Information: This is a partial semester course. Credit not allowed for both ESS 129 and ESS 180A1.
Term Offered: Fall.
Grade Mode: Traditional.
Special Course Fee: No.

ESS 130  Intro to Systems Theory for Sustainability  Credit: 1 (1-0-0)

Course Description: Introduction to the concept of a “system,” fundamental tenets of systems theory, and application of systems theory to the sustainability of social-ecological systems.
Prerequisite: ESS 129, may be taken concurrently.
Registration Information: This is a partial semester course.
Term Offered: Fall.
Grade Mode: Traditional.
Special Course Fee: No.

ESS 150  Imagining Sustainability  Credits: 3 (3-0-0)

Also Offered As: ANTH 150.
Course Description: Science alone cannot imagine the revolutionary changes necessary to sustain future life on our planet. Explore key concepts and practices of sustainability as represented in contemporary fiction, film, and the news media. Interdisciplinary approach will be anthropological and historical, charting the development of sustainability thinking through different epochs of capitalism.
Prerequisite: None.
Registration Information: Credit allowed for only one of the following: ANTH 150, ANTH 181A1, ESS 150, or ESS 181A1.
Term Offered: Fall.
Grade Mode: Traditional.
Special Course Fee: No.

ESS 210  Physical Geography  Credits: 3 (3-0-0)

Also Offered As: GR 210.
Course Description: Energy, mass budget, and human impacts on atmosphere, hydrosphere, and continental land surfaces.
Prerequisite: None.
Registration Information: Credit not allowed for both ESS 210 and GR 210.
Terms Offered: Fall, Spring.
Grade Mode: Traditional.
Special Course Fee: No.

ESS 211  Foundations in Ecosystem Science  Credits: 3 (3-0-0)

Course Description: Linkage between society and ecosystems services as foundation for sustainability of the coupled human-environmental system.
Prerequisite: GR 210 or ESS 210.
Term Offered: Spring.
Grade Mode: Traditional.
Special Course Fee: No.

ESS 220  Research Skills for Ecosystem Science I  Credit: 1 (0-0-1)

Course Description: Fundamental skills for participating in ecosystem science research through hands-on learning modules.
Prerequisite: None.
Registration Information: Written consent of instructor.
Term Offered: Fall.
Grade Mode: Traditional.
Special Course Fee: No.

ESS 221  Research Methods for Ecosystem Science II  Credit: 1 (0-0-1)

Course Description: Advanced topics in the practice of the scientific method and participation in research.
Prerequisite: ESS 220.
Registration Information: Written consent of instructor.
Term Offered: Spring.
Grade Mode: Traditional.
Special Course Fee: No.

ESS 298  Research  Credits: Var[1-3] (0-0-0)

Course Description: Directed ecosystem science research.
Prerequisite: ESS 221, may be taken concurrently.
Terms Offered: Fall, Spring, Summer.
Grade Mode: Traditional.
Special Course Fee: No.

ESS 311  Ecosystem Ecology  Credits: 3 (3-0-0)

Course Description: Principles of ecosystems ecology, emphasis on their application to coupled natural and human systems.
Prerequisite: (PH 121 or PH 141) and (LIFE 320).
Registration Information: Required field trips.
Term Offered: Fall.
Grade Mode: Traditional.
Special Course Fee: No.

ESS 312  Sustainability Science  Credits: 3 (3-0-0)

Course Description: Synthesize multifaceted information across a wide range of disciplines, with the goal to develop potential solutions to complex human-societal-environmental challenges at multiple scales. Implement methods for understanding current issues, develop alternative scenarios to current practices and policies, and stage interventions to achieve more sustainable behaviors and practices.
Prerequisite: LIFE 320.
Term Offered: Spring.
Grade Mode: Traditional.
Special Course Fee: No.

ESS 320  Internship and Career Preparation  Credit: 1 (0-0-1)

Course Description: Career-related skills and professional development in ecosystem science and sustainability (ESS) for majors.
Prerequisite: LIFE 320.
Terms Offered: Fall, Spring.
Grade Mode: Traditional.
Special Course Fee: No.

ESS 330  Quantitative Reasoning for Ecosystem Science  Credits: 3 (2-2-0)

Course Description: Understanding diverse approaches for using data and models to understand complex ecological systems.
Prerequisite: (ESS 211 or LIFE 320) and (MATH 155 or MATH 160) and (STAT 301 or STAT 307 or STAT 315).
Registration Information: Junior or senior standing.
Term Offered: Spring.
Grade Mode: Traditional.
Special Course Fee: No.

ESS 353  Global Change Impacts, Adaptation, Mitigation  Credits: 3 (3-0-0)

Course Description: Explore challenges of climate change for mountain environments and society and their solutions.
Prerequisite: LAND 220 or LIFE 220 or LIFE 320.
Registration Information: Required field trips. Credit allowed for only one of the following: BZ 353, ESS 353, or NR 353.
Term Offered: Spring.
Grade Mode: Traditional.
Special Course Fee: No.

ESS 365  Global Climate Justice  Credits: 3 (3-0-0)

Course Description: Explore how mechanisms of environmental transport (air, water, land, biota) act as drivers within different ecosystems and how such drivers create pathways that lead to climate justice issues among the world’s vulnerable populations.
Prerequisite: None.
Registration Information: Completion of AUCC categories 2 and 3A. Offered as an online course only. Credit not allowed for both ESS 365 and ESS 381A1.
Grade Mode: Traditional.
Special Course Fee: No.

ESS 382A  Study Abroad: Socio-Ecological Landscapes of Mongolia  Credits: 6 (0-0-6)

Course Description: Travel to Mongolia for a field-based, place-based experience with Mongolian students and herders. Engage in research projects partnering with Mongolian counterparts for field data collection using ecological, social science, and geospatial tools. Examine the intersection of culture and environment through observational exercises and experiential learning. Experience nomadic culture through field trips and participatory community activity.
Prerequisite: None.
Restriction: Must be a: Undergraduate.
Registration Information: Written consent of instructor.
Term Offered: Summer.
Grade Mode: Traditional.
Special Course Fee: No.

ESS 400  Global Perspectives on Sustainability  Credits: 3 (3-0-0)

Course Description: Explores the intersections between ecosystem science, communities and sustainability in the context of the global challenges of climate change focusing on the new global framework (The Paris Agreement), Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), and ecological indicators.
Prerequisite: ESS 311.
Term Offered: Spring.
Grade Mode: Traditional.
Special Course Fee: No.

ESS 401  Sustainability of Parks and Protected Places  Credits: 3 (3-0-0)

Course Description: Explore connections between culture, sustainability, and park management topics while discussing people, parks, and places through the lens of diversity and inclusion in natural resources.
Prerequisite: None.
Registration Information: Completion of AUCC Categories 2 and 3A.
Term Offered: Fall.
Grade Mode: Traditional.
Special Course Fee: No.

ESS 405  Global Agriculture and Environmental Change  Credits: 3 (3-0-0)

Also Offered As: SOCR 405.
Course Description: Explore the past, present, and future of global agroecosystems in a changing environment. Examine a range of environmental issues facing agroecosystems around the world, including water management, climate change, air pollution, and land use change. Assess the history of agricultural development and the factors that determine food security, as well as what strategies could help create a more sustainable and food secure world.
Prerequisite: BSPM 302 or BSPM 308 or BSPM 361 or LAND 220 or LIFE 220 or LIFE 320.
Registration Information: Credit not allowed for both ESS 405 and SOCR 405.
Term Offered: Spring.
Grade Mode: Traditional.
Special Course Fee: No.

ESS 411  Earth Systems Ecology  Credits: 3 (3-0-0)

Course Description: Earth as a system, stressing ecological interactions among energy, water, and biogeochemistry.
Prerequisite: ESS 311 and ESS 312.
Term Offered: Fall.
Grade Mode: Traditional.
Special Course Fee: No.

ESS 412  Sustainable Cities  Credits: 3 (3-0-0)

Course Description: Explore the ecology of cities, evaluate the most innovative science developed for the city, and discuss with renowned researchers leading these efforts. Analyze sustainability plans from a variety of cities around the globe, and interact with the practitioners developing and implementing sustainable goals. Delve into sustainability theory, specifically "the sustainable city myth.”
Prerequisite: ANTH 100 or ANTH 200 or ESS 210 or GES 101 or GR 100 or GR 210 or LAND 220 or LIFE 220 or LIFE 320 or NR 120A or NR 130 or SOC 220.
Registration Information: Junior standing. Credit not allowed for both ESS 412 and ESS 480A1.
Term Offered: Spring.
Grade Mode: Traditional.
Special Course Fee: No.

ESS 430A  Study Abroad--South Africa: Communities and Conservation  Credits: 6 (0-0-6)

Also Offered As: ANTH 430A.
Course Description: Travel the wildest areas of savanna South Africa to work with and learn from rural and urbanizing communities, offering insights into the innovative forms of community-based natural resource management emerging in South Africa. Understand the new landscapes of conservation associated with post-apartheid South Africa; explore the problems faced by the people living in poverty on the edge of protected areas.
Prerequisite: None.
Registration Information: Sophomore standing. Written consent of instructor. Credit allowed for only one of the following: ANTH 430A, ANTH 482A, ESS 430A, or ESS 482A.
Term Offered: Summer.
Grade Mode: Traditional.
Special Course Fee: No.

ESS 432  Microbial Ecology  Credits: 3 (2-0-1)

Also Offered As: MIP 432.
Course Description: Principles of microorganism interactions with their living and non-living environments; implications for the environment, plants, and animals.
Prerequisite: MIP 300.
Registration Information: Must register for lecture and recitation. Credit not allowed for both ESS 432 and MIP 432.
Term Offered: Fall (odd years).
Grade Mode: Traditional.
Special Course Fee: No.

ESS 433  Microbial Ecology Laboratory  Credit: 1 (0-3-0)

Also Offered As: MIP 433.
Course Description: Experimental microbial ecology; the design, conduct and interpretation of experiments that illustrate basic principles of microbial ecology.
Prerequisite: MIP 300.
Registration Information: Must be taken concurrently with ESS 432 or MIP 432. Credit not allowed for both ESS 433 and MIP 433.
Term Offered: Spring (even years).
Grade Mode: Traditional.
Special Course Fee: No.

ESS 440  Practicing Sustainability  Credits: 4 (2-0-2)

Course Description: Capstone integration of ecosystem science and sustainability, focused on case studies.
Prerequisite: ESS 311 and ESS 312.
Registration Information: Senior standing in WCNR. Must register for lecture and recitation.
Term Offered: Spring.
Grade Mode: Traditional.
Special Course Fee: Yes.

ESS 471  Special Topics in Ecosystem Sustainability  Credits: Var[1-6] (0-0-0)

Course Description:
Prerequisite: ESS 311.
Grade Mode: Traditional.
Special Course Fee: No.

ESS 474  Limnology  Credits: 3 (2-2-0)

Course Description: Biology, chemistry, and physics of lakes including limnological methods.
Prerequisite: LAND 220 or LIFE 220 or LIFE 320.
Registration Information: Must register for lecture and laboratory. Required field trips. Credit not allowed for both BZ 474 and ESS 474.
Term Offered: Fall (even years).
Grade Mode: Traditional.
Special Course Fee: No.

ESS 482A  Study Abroad: Communities and Conservation in South Africa  Credits: 6 (0-0-6)

Also Offered As: ANTH 482A.
Course Description: Travel to the wildest areas of savanna South Africa to work and learn from rural and urbanizing communities. Insights into the innovative forms of community-based natural resource management emerging in South Africa. Understand the new landscapes of conservation associated with post-apartheid South Africa. Explore the problems faced by the millions of people living in poverty at the edge of protected areas.
Prerequisite: None.
Registration Information: Written consent of instructor. Pre-South Africa: during the spring semester prior to the actual study abroad experience, students will meet in March and April for workshops and guest lectures on the CSU campus. In South Africa: travel approximately June 10 – July 2. Post-South Africa: students and instructors will schedule 20 hours of consulting time while students work on group projects over 6 weeks. Credit not allowed for both ANTH 482A and ESS 482A.
Term Offered: Summer.
Grade Mode: Traditional.
Special Course Fee: No.

ESS 486  Ecosystem Practicum  Credits: 2 (0-0-4)

Course Description: One-week field practicum to examine ecosystem science and sustainability issues in Colorado landscapes.
Prerequisite: ESS 311.
Registration Information: Senior standing. Required field trips.
Term Offered: Fall.
Grade Mode: Traditional.
Special Course Fee: No.

ESS 487  Internship  Credits: Var[1-6] (0-0-0)

Course Description: Supervised work experience in professional settings related to Ecosystem Science and Sustainability.
Prerequisite: ESS 320.
Registration Information: Written consent of instructor.
Terms Offered: Fall, Spring, Summer.
Grade Mode: S/U Sat/Unsat Only.
Special Course Fee: No.

ESS 495  Independent Study in Ecosystem Science  Credits: Var[1-6] (0-0-0)

Course Description:
Prerequisite: None.
Terms Offered: Fall, Spring, Summer.
Grade Mode: Instructor Option.
Special Course Fee: No.

ESS 501  Principles of Ecosystem Sustainability  Credits: 3 (3-0-0)

Course Description: Principles of ecosystem sustainability and threats to sustainability. Students will investigate and develop case studies.
Prerequisite: BZ 300 to 499 or ECOL 300 to 499 or CHEM 300 to 499.
Registration Information: Admission to graduate school. Sections may be offered: Online.
Term Offered: Fall.
Grade Mode: Traditional.
Special Course Fee: No.

ESS 505  International Climate Negotiations  Credits: 2 (2-0-0)

Course Description: Preparation for international climate negotiations including the Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), Conference of the Parties (COP) in locations around the world. Explore environmental sustainability issues on international teams with peers from other institutions. Teams examine environmental issues/policies through a research project, and have the opportunity to prepare for actual climate action negotiations.
Prerequisite: None.
Registration Information: Department approval required. This is a partial semester course. Credit not allowed for ESS 505 and ESS 581A3.
Term Offered: Fall.
Grade Mode: Traditional.
Special Course Fee: No.

ESS 506  Virtual International Climate Negotiations  Credit: 1 (0-0-1)

Course Description: Provides hands-on experience in international climate negotiations including the Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), Conference of the Parties (COP) in locations around the world through virtual participation. Explore environmental sustainability issues on international teams with peers from other institutions. Teams examine environmental issues/policies through a research project, and have the opportunity to participate in actual climate action negotiations.
Prerequisite: None.
Registration Information: Must have concurrent registration in ESS 505. This is a partial semester course.
Term Offered: Fall.
Grade Mode: Traditional.
Special Course Fee: No.

ESS 524  Foundations for Carbon/Greenhouse Gas Mgmt  Credits: 3 (3-0-0)

Course Description: Foundations for understanding greenhouse gas emissions management and accounting.
Prerequisite: BZ 300 to 499 or ECOL 300 to 499 or CHEM 300 to 499.
Registration Information: Sections may be offered: Online.
Term Offered: Fall.
Grade Mode: Traditional.
Special Course Fee: No.

ESS 542  Greenhouse Gas Policies  Credits: 2 (0-0-2)

Course Description: Rules, regulations and standards for greenhouse gas management and accounting.
Prerequisite: ESS 524, may be taken concurrently.
Registration Information: Graduate standing. Sections may be offered: Online.
Term Offered: Spring.
Grade Mode: Traditional.
Special Course Fee: No.

ESS 543  Global Climate Change  Credits: 2 (2-0-0)

Also Offered As: ATS 543.
Course Description: Climate change science, climate change impacts, and climate change mitigation, including discussions of current topics in climate change.
Prerequisite: BZ 300 to 499 or ECOL 300 to 499 or LIFE 300 to 499 or CHEM 300 to 499.
Registration Information: Sections may be offered: Online. Credit not allowed for both ATS 543 and ESS 543.
Term Offered: Spring.
Grade Mode: Traditional.
Special Course Fee: No.

ESS 545  Applications in Greenhouse Gas Inventories  Credits: 4 (2-6-0)

Course Description: Overview of methods for estimating greenhouse gas emissions and mitigation potential for agriculture and forestry activities.
Prerequisite: (ESS 524) and (STAR 511 or STAT 511A).
Registration Information: Must register for lecture and laboratory. Required field trips.
Term Offered: Spring.
Grade Mode: Traditional.
Special Course Fee: No.

ESS 554  Ecological and Social Agent-based Modeling  Credits: 3 (2-2-0)

Also Offered As: ANTH 554.
Course Description: Exploring the use and making of agent-based models featuring interacting individuals in ecological and social simulation, with examples and projects.
Prerequisite: None.
Registration Information: Junior standing. Must register for lecture and laboratory. Credit allowed for only one of the following: ANTH 554, ESS 554, or NR 554.
Term Offered: Spring (odd years).
Grade Mode: Traditional.
Special Course Fee: No.

ESS 555  Life Cycle Assessment for Sustainability  Credits: 3 (3-0-0)

Also Offered As: ANEQ 555.
Course Description: The quantitative and qualitative measure of cradle-to-grave impacts of products and services on the environment, the economy, and society.
Prerequisite: BIOM 300 to 479 or BZ 300 to 379 or BZ 400 to 479 or CHEM 300 to 379 or CHEM 400 to 479 or CIVE 300 to 479 or ECOL 300 to 379 or ENGR 300 or MECH 300 to 379.
Registration Information: Sections may be offered: Online. Credit allowed for only one of the following: ANEQ 555, ENGR 555, ESS 555, ENGR 581A1, or ESS 581A1.
Term Offered: Spring.
Grade Mode: Traditional.
Special Course Fee: No.

ESS 565  Niche Models  Credits: 4 (3-2-0)

Course Description: Concepts and application of niche models in ecosystem science.
Prerequisite: (BSPM 526 or BZ 526 or BZ 535 or BZ 548 or BZ 561 or ECOL 505 or ECOL 600 or ECOL 610 or ECOL 620 or FW 555 or FW 662) and (STAR 511 or STAT 511A).
Registration Information: Must register for lecture and laboratory.
Term Offered: Fall (odd years).
Grade Mode: Traditional.
Special Course Fee: No.

ESS 575  Models for Ecological Data  Credits: 4 (3-2-0)

Course Description: Gaining insight about the operation of ecological processes using models and data.
Prerequisite: MATH 255 and STAT 340.
Registration Information: Must register for lecture and laboratory.
Term Offered: Spring.
Grade Mode: Traditional.
Special Course Fee: No.

ESS 582A  Study Abroad--Europe and British Isles: UN Climate Change Conference (COP)  Credit: 1 (0-0-1)

Course Description: Provides hands-on experience in international climate negotiations including the Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), Conference of the Parties (COP) in locations around Europe/British Isles. Explore environmental sustainability issues on international teams with peers from institutions around the world. Teams examine environmental issues/policies through a research project, and have the opportunity to participate in actual climate action negotiations at the UN Climate Conference.
Prerequisite: None.
Registration Information: Must have concurrent registration in ESS 505. This is a partial semester course. Students should register for one of the following depending on where the conference is being held: ESS 582A, ESS 582B, ESS 582C, or ESS 582D.
Term Offered: Fall.
Grade Mode: Traditional.
Special Course Fee: No.

ESS 582B  Study Abroad--Americas: UN Climate Change Conference (COP)  Credit: 1 (0-0-1)

Course Description: Provides hands-on experience in international climate negotiations including the Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), Conference of the Parties (COP) in locations in Latin America. Explore environmental sustainability issues on international teams with peers from institutions around the world. Teams examine environmental issues/policies through a research project, and have the opportunity to participate in actual climate action negotiations at the UN Climate Conference.
Prerequisite: None.
Registration Information: Must have concurrent registration in ESS 505. This is a partial semester course. Students should register for one of the following depending on where the conference is being held: ESS 582A, ESS 582B, ESS 582C, or ESS 582D.
Term Offered: Fall.
Grade Mode: Traditional.
Special Course Fee: No.

ESS 582C  Study Abroad--Asia/Oceania: UN Climate Change Conference (COP)  Credit: 1 (0-0-1)

Course Description: Provides hands-on experience in international climate negotiations including the Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), Conference of the Parties (COP) in locations within Asia and Oceania. Explore environmental sustainability issues on international teams with peers from institutions around the world. Teams examine environmental issues/policies through a research project, and have the opportunity to participate in actual climate action negotiations at the UN Climate Conference.
Prerequisite: None.
Registration Information: Must have concurrent registration in ESS 505. This is a partial semester course. Students should register for one of the following depending on where the conference is being held: ESS 582A, ESS 582B, ESS 582C, or ESS 582D.
Term Offered: Fall.
Grade Mode: Traditional.
Special Course Fee: No.

ESS 582D  Study Abroad--Africa: UN Climate Change Conference (COP)  Credit: 1 (0-0-1)

Course Description: Provides hands-on experience in international climate negotiations including the Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), Conference of the Parties (COP) in locations in Africa. Explore environmental sustainability issues on international teams with peers from institutions around the world. Teams examine environmental issues/policies through a research project, and have the opportunity to participate in actual climate action negotiations at the UN Climate Conference.
Prerequisite: None.
Registration Information: Must have concurrent registration in ESS 505. This is a partial semester course. Students should register for one of the following depending on where the conference is being held: ESS 582A, ESS 582B, ESS 582C, or ESS 582D.
Term Offered: Fall.
Grade Mode: Traditional.
Special Course Fee: No.

ESS 587  Internship  Credits: Var[1-6] (0-0-0)

Course Description:
Prerequisite: None.
Terms Offered: Fall, Spring, Summer.
Grade Mode: Instructor Option.
Special Course Fee: No.

ESS 625  Ecology of Forest Production  Credits: 3 (3-0-0)

Also Offered As: F 625.
Course Description: Develops student expertise in understanding carbon and nutrient flows in forests.
Prerequisite: None.
Restriction: Must be a: Graduate, Professional.
Registration Information: Must have taken a 300-level course in ECOL. Credit not allowed for both ESS 625 and F 625. Sections may be offered: Online.
Term Offered: Spring (even years).
Grade Mode: Traditional.
Special Course Fee: No.

ESS 650  Edge Effects--Place, Embodiment, Environment  Credits: 3 (3-0-0)

Also Offered As: ANTH 650.
Course Description: Interdisciplinary thinking on questions of place, power, embodiment, and environmental adaptation. Drawing on human geography, ethnography, political ecology, and social-ecological theory, develop an understanding of boundaries and transitional zones as places of complex social and species exchange by looking at some key philosophical texts, but also applying theoretical understanding to specific case studies.
Prerequisite: None.
Restriction: Must be a: Graduate, Professional.
Registration Information: Credit not allowed for both ANTH 650 and ESS 650.
Term Offered: Spring (even years).
Grade Mode: Traditional.
Special Course Fee: No.

ESS 655  Multivariate Analysis for Community Ecology  Credits: 2 (2-0-0)

Course Description: Techniques and conceptual understanding for analyzing multivariate ecological data characteristic of community ecology, including ordination, classification, and permanova.
Prerequisite: (STAR 511 or STAT 511A) and (BZ 500 to 679 - at least 3 credits or ECOL 500 to 679 - at least 3 credits or ESS 500 to 679 - at least 3 credits or FW 500 to 679 - at least 3 credits).
Restriction: Must be a: Graduate, Professional.
Term Offered: Fall (even years).
Grade Mode: Traditional.
Special Course Fee: No.

ESS 660  Biogeochemical Cycling in Ecosystems  Credits: 3 (3-0-0)

Course Description: Biotic and abiotic processes responsible for distribution and fluxes of elements at ecosystem, landscape, and global scales.
Prerequisite: CHEM 245 and SOCR 240 and ECOL 300 to 699.
Restriction: Must be a: Graduate, Professional.
Term Offered: Spring.
Grade Mode: Traditional.
Special Course Fee: No.

ESS 692  Seminar  Credit: 1 (0-0-1)

Course Description:
Prerequisite: None.
Restriction: Must be a: Graduate, Professional.
Registration Information: Sections may be offered: Online.
Terms Offered: Fall, Spring.
Grade Mode: Instructor Option.
Special Course Fee: No.

ESS 695  Independent Study in Ecosystem Science  Credits: Var[1-6] (0-0-0)

Course Description:
Prerequisite: None.
Restriction: Must be a: Graduate, Professional.
Terms Offered: Fall, Spring, Summer.
Grade Mode: Instructor Option.
Special Course Fee: No.

ESS 696  Group Study  Credits: Var[1-6] (0-0-0)

Course Description: Group study projects on topics in ecosystem science and sustainability.
Prerequisite: None.
Restriction: Must be a: Graduate, Professional.
Registration Information: Written consent of instructor. Sections may be offered: Online.
Terms Offered: Fall, Spring, Summer.
Grade Mode: S/U Sat/Unsat Only.
Special Course Fee: No.

ESS 698  Research  Credits: Var[1-18] (0-0-0)

Course Description:
Prerequisite: None.
Restriction: Must be a: Graduate, Professional.
Registration Information: Written consent of advisor.
Terms Offered: Fall, Spring, Summer.
Grade Mode: S/U Sat/Unsat Only.
Special Course Fee: No.

ESS 699  Thesis  Credits: Var[1-18] (0-0-0)

Course Description:
Prerequisite: None.
Restriction: Must be a: Graduate, Professional.
Registration Information: Written consent of advisor.
Terms Offered: Fall, Spring, Summer.
Grade Mode: S/U Sat/Unsat Only.
Special Course Fee: No.

ESS 798  Research  Credits: Var[1-18] (0-0-0)

Course Description:
Prerequisite: None.
Restriction: Must be a: Graduate, Professional.
Registration Information: Written consent of advisor.
Terms Offered: Fall, Spring, Summer.
Grade Mode: S/U Sat/Unsat Only.
Special Course Fee: No.

ESS 799  Dissertation  Credits: Var[1-18] (0-0-0)

Course Description:
Prerequisite: None.
Restriction: Must be a: Graduate, Professional.
Registration Information: Written consent of advisor.
Terms Offered: Fall, Spring, Summer.
Grade Mode: S/U Sat/Unsat Only.
Special Course Fee: No.